Share of global reserves: 1.3%
Share of global production (2003): 1.1%
Share of petroleum sector in the economy:Oil and gas are the cornerstone s of Qatar's economy and account for more than 70% of total government revenue. But with only about 20 years left as a major oil exporter, Qatar has made a priority of diversifying and attracting foreign investment.
Population: 840 thousand
Population growth rate: 2.74% (2004 est.)
GDP per capita: 21,500 (2004 est.)
Government type: Traditional Monarchy
Religions: Muslims 95%
Freedom House Ranking: not free
Political situation: In 1995, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, then crown prince, deposed his father in a palace coup.
In 1999, Qatar held its first elections. Qatar maintains good relations with the U.S. and has provided bases and assistance to the U.S. military in its preparations for a war against Iraq.
U.S. Dept. of Energy country analysis brief
CIA World Factbook
Library of Congress