Map of Qatar
Share of global reserves: 1.3%
Share of global production (2003): 1.1%
Share of petroleum sector in the economy:Oil and gas are the cornerstone s of Qatar's economy and account for more than 70% of total government revenue. But with only about 20 years left as a major oil exporter, Qatar has made a priority of diversifying and attracting foreign investment.

Population: 840 thousand
Population growth rate: 2.74% (2004 est.)
GDP per capita: 21,500 (2004 est.)
Government type: Traditional Monarchy
Religions: Muslims 95%
Literacy: 82.5%
Freedom House Ranking: not free
Political situation: In 1995, Sheikh Hamad bin Khalifa al-Thani, then crown prince, deposed his father in a palace coup. In 1999, Qatar held its first elections. Qatar maintains good relations with the U.S. and has provided bases and assistance to the U.S. military in its preparations for a war against Iraq.

Additional information
U.S. Dept. of Energy country analysis brief
CIA World Factbook
Library of Congress
Property of The Institute for the Analysis of Global Security 2003, 2004. All rights reserved.