United States Energy Security Council

Global Forum on Energy Security

Journal of Energy Security

energy security blog

Technology and Rare Earth Metals for National Security and Clean Energy

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Set America Free Coalition for Energy Independence

Mobility Choices for Energy Security


President

Robert C. McFarlane
After a distinguished career of public service culminated in President Ronald Reagan's cabinet as his National Security Advisor, Robert McFarlane founded his own energy development company, Global Energy Investors LLC, sponsoring major international power projects in Brazil, Pakistan, the Philippines, and China. He has also served as a consultant to foreign governments on energy, infrastructure, and privatization policies and is principal of Energy and Communications Solutions LLC. Apart from his business activities, Mr. McFarlane remains a respected figure in international affairs. He is frequently called upon to advise the U.S. and other governments, the U.S. Congress, and the news media.
Prior to his career in the public sector, Mr. McFarlane saw extensive combat as a Marine Corps officer after graduation from the U.S. Naval Academy. Later he was chosen as an Olmsted Scholar and was awarded a Master's Degree in Strategic Studies from the Institut de Hautes Etudes Internationales in Geneva, Switzerland.
Mr. McFarlane is co-founder of the United States Energy Security Council

IAGS Directors

Dr. Gal Luft
Gal Luft is co-director of the Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS) a Washington based think tank focused on energy security. He is an adviser to the United States Energy Security Council America's highest level extra governmental energy advisory committee. He specializes in strategy, geopolitics, energy security, natural resources and technoloy innovation. Newsweek Magazine called him a "tireless and independent advocate of energy security," the business magazine Poder called him "one of the most recognizable figures in modern energy and security issues," and Magazine included him in its 2007 list of America's Best and Brightest. Dr. Luft has published numerous studies and articles on security and energy issues in various newspapers and publications such as Foreign Affairs, Foreign Policy, The American Interest, Commentary Magazine, Middle East Quarterly, LA Times, The Washington Post and The Wall Street Journal. He is co-author of Energy Security Challenges for the 21st Century (2009), Turning Oil into Salt: Energy Independence Through Fuel Choice (2009) and Petropoly: The Collapse of America's Energy Security Paradigm (2012). He is also author of Beer, Bacon and Bullets: Culture in Coalition Warfare from Gallipoli to Iraq. He appears frequently in the media and consults to various think tanks and news organizations worldwide. Dr. Luft testified before committees of the U.S. Congress, including Senate Foreign Relations, House International Relations, House Science and the U.S.-China Economic and Security Review Commission. He holds degrees in international relations, international economics and strategic studies and a doctorate in strategic studies from the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS,) Johns Hopkins University.
Contact: luft@iags.org

Anne Korin
Anne Korin is co-director of the Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS). She is an adviser to the United States Energy Security Council and chairs the Set America Free Coalition, an alliance of national security, environmental, labor and religious groups promoting ways to reduce America's dependence on oil. Korin also chairs the Mobility Choice for a Secure America Coalition, an alliance promoting fiscally responsible, free market oriented approach to expanding competition among transportation modes for the purpose of reducing oil's strategic value. She appears in the media frequently and has written articles for Foreign Affairs, The American Interest, The National Review, The Wall Street Journal, Commentary Magazine, and the Journal of International Security Affairs. She is co-author of Energy Security Challenges for the 21st Century (2009,) Turning Oil into Salt: Energy Independence through Fuel Choice (2009) and Petropoly: The Collapse of America's Energy Security Paradigm (2012). Ms. Korin appears frequently on Capitol Hill and her advice is sought by members of Congress. Her education includes engineering degree in computer science from Johns Hopkins University and work towards a doctorate at Stanford University.
Contact: anne@iags.org



Senior Fellows

Dr. Kevin Rosner
Kevin Rosner, PhD is a specialist in Russian oil and gas, security of critical energy infrastructure, and international energy-security policy. He is editor of the Journal of Energy Security. In 2006 he served as the Co-Director for the NATO Forum on Energy Security. He is a Senior Fellow both at the UK Defence Academy and at the IAGS. Dr. Rosner is the editor of a series of reports published (2005-2007) by Global Markets Briefings on Russian Foreign Energy Policy covering Russian downstream investment in Central European and FSU energy systems. Past positions held include Senior Oil and Gas Advisor, Thales Information Systems, Senior Security Advisor to the Baku-Tbilisi-Ceyhan pipeline company, Project Director with the Program on Cooperation with the Russian Federation at the OECD, and Project Manager with the UNESCO Science Division in Paris. Dr. Rosner is the founder of Therosnergroup® serving leading members of the global oil and gas community with intelligent energy and security analytical products.
Contact: rosner@iags.org

David S. Abraham
David S. Abraham is a strategist in the natural resource sector with experience in business, non-profit and government. He is CEO of ClearWater Initiative, a non-profit dedicated to bringing clean water to people in need. He started the organization’s operations in Japan and Uganda. Previously, David worked in finance and energy trading. At RBS Sempra Commodities and Lehman Brothers, he assessed credit risk as well as geopolitical and economic risk in emerging markets. He also oversaw natural resource and international assistance programs at the White House Office of Management and Budget. His experience includes work with a United Nations program in Indonesia and a German consultancy. David was a Council on Foreign Relations/Hitachi International Affairs Fellow, a visiting scholar at the research institute in Japan’s Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry and a fellow at Tokyo University. He is currently a Truman National Security Fellow and a Council on Foreign Relations Term Member. His writing has been published in various outlets including The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times and The International Herald Tribune and he has offered analysis for MSNBC, Bloomberg and CBS among others. He has been selected as a Young Leader by the American Swiss Foundation, the American Council on Germany and the United States-Japan Leadership Program. David holds degrees from Boston College and Tufts University.

Dr. Isaac Berzin
Dr. Isaac Berzin is a highly respected authority in alternative energy. Dr. Berzin has been named one the 100 most influential people in politics, business, and science in 2008 by the Time magazine. His innovative work in CleanTech and BioTech has won several awards, including the 2006 Platts Global Energy Award for Energy Emission Project of the Year and the 2006 Frost & Sullivan Bio-Based Fuels Technology Innovation of the Year Award, and been widely highlighted by, among others, the MIT Energy Research Council, American Scientific Frontiers, National Geographic Magazine and the Boston Museum of Science.
As a scientist at MIT's Center for Space Research Dr. Berzin won a NASA award for his work on bioreactor design for the International Space Station. Dr. Berzin is an inventor of over 12 patents (some pending) relating to biomaterials, bioreactor design, biotechnology of microalgae, CO2 mitigation, and biofuel production. He works closely and collaboratively with leaders from industry, economy, academy, and US National Laboratories. He is a Senior Fellow at the Interdisciplinary Center in Herzliya (IDC), and an Affiliated Scientist at MIT. He holds degrees in Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology from Ben-Gurion University of the Negev, Beer-Sheva, Israel.

Jack Lifton
Jack Lifton is an Independent consultant, writer, and lecturer focusing on the market fundamentals and end uses of the "technology metals," a catgory name he coined in 2007 to describe those typically rare metals without which the implementation of modern technologies would not be possible. Mr. Lifton was educated as a physical chemist and began his career as a researcher in the preparation and study of the properties of rare metals, their alloys, and compounds. He went on from there to a career as an executive in the OEM automotive supply industry specializing in the sourcing of nonferrous strategic metals. His work includes exploration, mining, technology device development and manufacturing, and the recovery of metal values by the recycling of not only metals and their alloys but also of metal-based chemicals used as raw materials for component manufacturing. Mr. Lifton has more than 45 years of experience in the global OEM automotive, heavy equipment, electrical and electronic, mining, smelting, and refining industries. His background includes, specifically, the sourcing, manufacturing, and sales of platinum group metal products, rare earth compounds, and ceramic specialties used to make catalytic converters, oxygen sensors, batteries, and fuel cells. He is knowledgeable in locating and analyzing new and recycled supplies of 'minor metals' including tellurium, selenium, indium, gallium, silicon, germanium, molybdenum, tungsten, manganese, chromium, and the rare earth metals.
contact: lifton@iags.org

TREM Center

Yaron Vorona
Yaron Vorona is director of the Technology and Rare Earth Metals Center (TREM) at the Institute for the Analysis of Global Security (IAGS). He specializes in building the capabilities of entrepreneurial ventures and assisting organizations in reaching new levels of success. His previous experience includes strategy and finance consulting for technology startups, and corporate social responsibility and sustainability consulting in China and South Africa. He has held roles as a supply chain management specialist in the electronics manufacturing industry, and a competitive intelligence analyst in the telecommunications sector. Yaron has lived, studied and worked in the US, Canada, England, China, South Africa, and the Middle East. He holds an MBA from the London Business School and a B.Sc. in Physics and Business.
Contact: vorona@iags.org


Associate Fellows

Dr. Christopher J. Fettweis
Christopher J. Fettweis received his PhD in international relations from the University of Maryland, College Park, in 2003. His doctoral work examined the potential for oil to be the cause of major warfare in the 21st century. He has taught US foreign policy and international relations at the US Naval Academy, the University of Maryland, and George Washington University, and has published numerous articles on security-related issues. He is currently assistant professor at the Department of Political Science of Tulane University.

Dr. Jeremy Carl
Jeremy Carl is a Research Fellow at the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development (PESD) and the Freeman Spogli Institute of International Studies at Stanford University. His primary research interests are in energy security, political economy, and the environmental effects of energy development, with a particular focus on China and India. Jeremy has been a featured speaker at numerous energy-related events around the world, and he has been quoted and interviewed about energy issues by numerous newspapers and magazines ranging from the New York Times to Wired. He came to Stanford by way of New Delhi, India where he researched energy and resource economics at The Energy and Resources Institute (TERI). Prior to that, he enjoyed a successful career in technology management. He received his B.A. with distinction in history from Yale University, and an MPA from the John F. Kennedy School of Government, Harvard University.

Dr. Gil Ariely
Dr. Gil ad Ariely is the CKO (Chief Knowledge Officer) and senior researcher at the Institute for Counter-Terrorism (ICT) of Lauder School of Government Diplomacy and Strategy, at The Interdisciplinary Center (IDC) Herzliya; Dr. Ariely is a leading expert on managing operational knowledge in critical environments, crisis management and emergency preparedness, terrorism and security studies. He consulted on knowledge methodologies, futures foresight, operational learning and Intellectual Capital to Government and Industry organizations around the world. Dr. Ariely helped install cutting-edge methodologies, structures and concepts of operational knowledge management as interagency interoperability vehicle for command & control, and for lessons-learned mechanisms. Dr. Ariely is a Lt. Colonel (ret.) with 20 years of experience. He initiated and helped inaugurate the field of Operational Knowledge Management in the IDF Ground Forces since 2001, was the first acting CKO (Chief Knowledge Officer) of the Ground Forces IDF, and has written the Army’s first doctrine book on Learning during operations, and operational knowledge management. He is a founding member of ICTAC (International Counter Terrorism Academic Community), a member of BIOPoM research Center at the University of Westminster London, a member of the Proteus USA group, and of ERGOMAS (European Research Group on Military and Society). He serves on editorial boards of academic journals on Knowledge, and on advisory boards of various public sector organizations. Dr. Ariely is an Associate Fellow of ICSR (International Centre for the Study of Radicalisation and Political Violence), at King’s College London.

Dr. Paul J. Scalise
Dr. Paul Scalise specializes in political economy, regulatory politics, and deregulation of energy markets in cross-national context, with special focus on Japan. A former Senior Associate at Cambridge Energy Research Associates (CERA), Dr. Scalise spent several years with such financial institutions as Dresdner Kleinwort Wasserstein Japan Ltd. (DrKW) and UBS Global Asset Management as an equity research analyst. His focus was on investment reports on energy markets from a global context, covering the whole spectrum from gas exploration and production, through natural gas transmission, to electricity generation and distribution. He also serves as an independent consultant to Economist Intelligence Unit, Oxford Analytica, and Eurasia Group. He was voted the number one ranked Japanese utilities analyst in the 2001 Greenwich survey among all UK financial institutions, 3rd for the Eurozone. Upon receiving his doctorate in political economy from the University of Oxford, Dr. Scalise was a JSPS Research Fellow at the Institute of Social Science, University of Tokyo.

Dr. Cyril Widdershoven
Dr. Cyril Widdershoven is owner of Mediterranean Energy Political Risk Consultancy (MEPRC), a Dutch based consultancy, focusing on advice and consulting services related to investments and operations in the oil, natural gas, energy and infrastructure sectors worldwide and editor of Global Energy Security Analysis (GESA) a biweekly publication providing information and analysis news-service for industry professionals. He is a Middle East specialist, military-strategic analyst and energy investment consultant.
Dr. Widdershoven taught at the Center of Peace Research, University of Nijmegen and was visiting lecturer at the Royal Dutch Military Academy. Between 1995-1999 he worked for oil and gas consultancy Petrodata UK (ODS-Petrodata), Middle East Consultants (MEConsultants London), SMI London, CWC and IIR. He was a contributor to Petroleum Economist, Jane's Pointer and Intelligence Review, Jane's Sentinel Gulf Yearbooks, Walden Publishing and others. After 1999 he worked as Head of Research of Artoc Group for Investment and Development Cairo, was chief-editor of Pharaohs Magazine for International Affairs and founded the Oil & Gas North Africa Magazine. During this period he was a regular contributor to Cairo Times, The Middle East and other Middle East focused publications.

Ali Koknar
Ali Koknar is a private security and defense industry consultant based in both Washington, DC and Turkey. He is an expert on terrorism, militant Islam, maritime security, pipeline security and organized crime. Ali studied law and business management in Turkey and in South Africa. He served in the artillery and ordnance corps of the Turkish Army as well as in the South African Police Force. He is an Associate of the Terrorism Research Center and a member of the American Society of Industrial Security (ASIS), the International Association for Counterterrorism and Security Professionals (IACSP), the Overseas Security Advisory Council (OSAC) and the American Iraqi Turkish Chamber of Commerce and Industry (AITCCI).

US Energy Security Council

Robert C. McFarlane, Former National Security Advisor (Co-founder)
R. James Woolsey, Former Director of Central Intelligence (Co-founder)
Norman Augustine, Former CEO, Lockheed Martin
William Ball, Former Secretary of the Navy
Geoffrey Bible, Former CEO Kraft Foods
John Block, Former Sec. of Agriculture
Harold Brown, Former Sec. of Defense
General Wesley Clark, Former NATO Commander
Rep. Chris Cox, Former head of the Securities and Exchange Commission
General Carlton Fulford
C. Boyden Gray, Former White House Counsel
Alan Greenspan, Former Chairman of the Fed
Senator Gary Hart
Stephen Hadley, Former National Security Advisor
Jeffrey Harris, National Reconnaissance Office
John Hofmeister, Former President, Shell Oil Co.
Senator Bennett Johnston
John Lehman, Former Sec. of the Navy
Mike Leven, President, Las Vegas Sands
Governor Linda Lingle
Prof. George Olah, Nobel Laureate in Chemistry
William Perry, Former Sec. of Defense
Mary Peters, Former Sec. of Transportation
T. Boone Pickens
Donna Redel, Former Chairman, COMEX
Governor Tom Ridge
James Roche, Former Sec. of the Air Force
George Shultz, Former Sec. of State
John Whitehead, Form. Chairman, Goldman Sachs

Advisors

R. James Woolsey
R. James Woolsey is a former director of the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency and currently a Vice President at Booz Allen Hamilton, an international management consulting firm, which he joined in 2002. Mr. Woolsey heads a team within Booz Allen's Global Strategic Security practice that helps companies protect themselves from potential threats and vulnerabilities. Before joining Booz Allen, Mr. Woolsey enjoyed a distinguished career in both public service and private legal practice. His career in government service has included high-level positions in two Republican and two Democratic administrations. In addition to serving as Director of Central Intelligence, he served as Ambassador to the Negotiation on Conventional Armed Forces in Europe (CFE), Under Secretary of the Navy, General Counsel to the US Senate Committee on Armed Services, and Delegate at Large to the US-Soviet Strategic Arms Reduction Talks (START). He has been a member of numerous defense and security related commissions including the Rumsfeld Commission to Assess the Ballistic Missile Threat to the US, and the National Commission on Terrorism. In the private sector he practiced law for 22 years as a Partner in the law firm of Shea & Gardner in Washington, D.C.
In September 2002, Mayor Michael R. Bloomberg and Fire Commissioner Nicholas Scoppetta named Woolsey Chief Advisor to the newly created FDNY Terrorism Preparedness Taskforce. The Taskforce examines and evaluates the FDNY's terrorism preparedness capabilities. In 2003, Consulting Magazine named James Woolsey to its annual list of top 25 consultants in the United States.
Mr. Woolsey received his B.A. degree from Stanford University, Phi Beta Kappa (With Great Distinction); an M.A. from Oxford University, where he was a Rhodes Scholar; and an LL.B. from Yale Law School, where he was Managing Editor of the Yale Law Journal.

Professor George Olah
Professor Olah received the 1994 Nobel Prize in Chemistry and is currently the director of the Loker Hydrocarbon Research Institute at the University of Southern California. In his pioneering work Olah revolutionized understanding of organic chemistry, leading to new discoveries, new fields of research and countless applications. He has made significant research contributions to the practical development of improved lead-free gasoline, cleaner high-octane gas and other promising nonpolluting fuels, as well as many chemical processes now used in pharmaceutical and industrial chemistry. His research has also led to the development of a new kind of fuel cell, called the direct liquid methanol fuel cell, that is a highly efficient and convenient source of electricity. His most recent research centers on the conversion of two greenhouse gases, carbon dioxide and methane, into useful fuels and products, investigations driven by his long-standing interest in energy and environmental issues. To find new solutions to these pressing issues, Olah is working to develop new, cleaner and renewable fuels, based on methanol, to replace diminishing oil reserves while reducing levels of greenhouse gases. His latest book Beyond oil and Gas: The Methanol Economy was published in February 2006.

General Richard L. Lawson
General Lawson is chairman of Energy, Environment and Security Group, Ltd. and vice chairman of the International Committee on Coal Research. He serves on the board of directors of the United States Energy Association and as vice chairman of the Atlantic Council. He is a member of the Washington Institute of Foreign Affairs and the World Energy Council.
General Lawson was president and chief executive officer of the National Mining Association for fourteen years. During his tenure at NMA, he also served as president of the American Coal Foundation. He served on the board of directors of the National Energy Foundation, the United States Energy Association and various positions on the board of the Atlantic Council. He was the U.S. chairman of the World Mining Congress.
General Lawson came to NMA after a distinguished military career spanning four decades. Over his career, Lawson logged over 7,000 hours of flying time, including 73 combat missions during the Vietnam War. He received 22 military awards and decorations during a career that spanned 40 years. From enlistment, Lawson served as a private in the Army National Guard at age 16 through duty as Sergeant Major of the 133rd Infantry Regiment, ending his distinguished military career as the deputy commander-in-chief, Europe. Retiring as a four-star general of the Air Force in December 1986, Lawson served from 1983 to 1986 as deputy commander-in-chief of the U.S. European Command, Stuttgart, Germany. There he commanded operations, formulated policy and negotiated with host governments for all U.S. land, sea and air forces in Europe, portions of the Middle East and most of Africa. The command encompassed 77 countries.
From 1981 to 1983, he was chief of staff, Supreme Headquarters Allied Powers, Europe, Mons, Belgium. From 1980 to 1981 he was the U.S. representative to the Military Committee of NATO and from 1978 to 1980, Lawson served as director of plans and policy, Organization of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Washington, D.C.
He served as commander, 8th Air Force, Shreveport, Louisiana from 1977 to 1978, and from 1975 to 1977 as director of plans, U.S. Air Force in Washington.
From March 1973 to April 1975, he served in the White House as military assistant to the president. There he facilitated communications between the Department of Defense and the president and he directed operations, communications and logistics support for all presidential activities.
General Lawson is a graduate of Parsons College, where he received a bachelor of science degree in chemical engineering, and the George Washington University, where he received a master of public administration degree. He is a graduate of the National War College and has been awarded an honorary doctorate of political science by Centenary College, Shreveport, Louisiana, and an honorary doctorate of laws by Boston University.

General Charles F. "Chuck" Wald
General Charles F. "Chuck" Wald was Deputy Commander, Headquarters U.S. European Command, responsible for all U.S. forces operating across 91 countries in Europe, Africa, Russia, parts of Asia and the Middle East, and most of the Atlantic Ocean. General Wald earned his commission through the Air Force ROTC program in 1971. He has combat time as an O-2A forward air controller in Vietnam and as an F-16 pilot flying over Bosnia. The general has served as a T-37 instructor pilot and F-15 flight commander. Other duties include Chief of the U.S. Air Force Combat Terrorism Center, support group commander, operations group commander, and special assistant to the Chief of Staff for National Defense Review. He was also the Director of Strategic Planning and Policy at Headquarters U.S. Air Force, and served on the Joint Staff as the Vice Director for Strategic Plans and Policy. General Wald commanded the 31st Fighter Wing at Aviano Air Base, Italy, where on Aug. 30, 1995, he led one of the wing?s initial strike packages against the ammunition depot at Pale, Bosnia-Herzegovina, in one of the first NATO combat operations. He also commanded the 9th Air Force and U.S. Central Command Air Forces, Shaw Air Force Base, S.C., where he led the development of the Afghanistan air campaign for Operation Enduring Freedom, including the idea of embedding tactical air control parties in ground special operations forces. Prior to assuming his current position, he was Deputy Chief of Staff for Air and Space Operations at the Pentagon. General Wald is a command pilot with more than 3,600 flying hours, including more than 430 combat hours over Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos, Iraq and Bosnia.

Dr. Kenneth M. Pollack
Dr. Kenneth M. Pollack is an expert on Middle Eastern political-military affairs, with particular emphasis on Iraq, Iran, Saudi Arabia and the other nations of the Persian Gulf region. He is currently a Senior Fellow at the Saban Center for Middle East Policy at the Brookings Institution.
Dr. Pollack began his career as an Iran-Iraq military analyst at the Central Intelligence Agency, where he was an employee from 1988 until 1995. During that time, he was the principal author of the CIA’s classified post-mortem on Iraqi strategy and military operations during the Persian Gulf War of 1990-1991. Dr. Pollack received the CIA’s Certificate of Distinction for Outstanding Performance of Duty for work before and during the Persian Gulf War. He also twice received the CIA’s Exceptional Performance award, also for work related to the Persian Gulf War.
Dr. Pollack has also twice served on the staff of the National Security Council. In 1995-1996, he was Director for Near East and South Asian Affairs, and in 1999-2001 he served as Director for Persian Gulf Affairs. In this latter capacity, he was the principal working-level official for U.S. policy toward Iraq, Iran, Yemen and the Gulf Cooperation Council States at the White House.
In addition to these positions, Dr. Pollack has also been a Senior Research Professor at the Institute for National Strategic Studies at the National Defense University where he principally worked on long-term issues related to Middle Eastern political and military affairs for the Joint Chiefs of Staff. He has been the Director for National Security Studies at the Council on Foreign Relations, and a Research Fellow at the Washington Institute for Near East Policy.
Dr. Pollack is the author of several books. His first book, Arabs at War: Military Effectiveness, 1948-1991 was published in 2002 by the University of Nebraska Press in its Studies in War, Society, and the Military Series. His second book, The Threatening Storm: The Case for Invading Iraq was published in 2002 by Random House and has been a New York Times and Washington Post bestseller. Dr. Pollack is also the author of numerous articles including “Securing the Gulf,” in the July/August 2003 issue of Foreign Affairs, “Next Stop Baghdad?” in the March/April 2002 issue of Foreign Affairs; “Democracy in Iraq?” co-authored with Daniel Byman in the Summer 2003 issue of The Washington Quarterly, “The New Transatlantic Project: A Response to Robert Kagan,” co-authored with Ronald Asmus in the October/November issue of Policy Review; “Armies of Snow and Armies of Sand: The Impact of Soviet Doctrine on Arab Armed Forces,” co-authored with Michael Eisenstadt in the Autumn 2001 issue of Middle East Journal; and “Let Us Now Praise Great Men: Bringing the Statesman Back In,” co-authored with Daniel Byman in the Spring 2001 issue of International Security.
Dr. Pollack received his B.A. from Yale University and a Ph.D. in Political Science from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.

Professor Eliot Cohen
Eliot Cohen is Professor of Strategic Studies at the Paul H. Nitze School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS) of the Johns Hopkins University. He graduated Harvard College in 1977 in government (political science) and received his Ph.D. there in the same subject in 1982. From 1982 to 1985 he was Assistant Professor of Government at Harvard, and Assistant Dean of Harvard College. In 1985 he became a member of the Strategy Department of the United States Naval War College. In February 1990 he joined the Policy Planning Staff of the Office of the Secretary of Defense, where he worked on a range of issues, including force planning and regional conflict, and in July of that year he was appointed professor of strategic studies at SAIS.
Eliot Cohen authored Supreme Command: Soldiers, Statesmen, and Leadership in Wartime (Free Press, 2002,) Commandos and Politicians (Harvard University Center for International Affairs, 1978) and Citizens and Soldiers (Cornell University Press, 1985). He co-authored Military Misfortunes: The Anatomy of Failure in War (Free Press, 1990), and Revolution in Warfare? Air Power in the Persian Gulf (Naval Institute Press, 1995.) He wrote and edited numerous other works. His articles have appeared in International Security, Foreign Affairs, The National Interest, Studies in Intelligence, Commentary, Military History Quarterly, Foreign Policy and other journals. His shorter articles and reviews have appeared in The New York Times, The Wall Street Journal, Slate, The New Republic, National Review, and other publications.
In 1982 he was commissioned in the United States Army Reserve, and served for several years in reserve status as Military Assistant to the Director of Net Assessment, Office of the Secretary of Defense. He is a member of the Defense Policy Board and other governmental advisory groups. On March 2, 2007, Cohen was appointed by Secretary of State Condoleezza Rice to serve as Counselor of the State Department.

Neal Adams
Neal Adams' expertise in the oil industry as a firefighter, blowout control specialist, engineer, and consultant makes him one the most influential voices on terrorism in the oilfield. His book Terrorism & Oil (Pennwell 2003) is one of most authoritative studies on energy security. Mr. Adams has worked in 35 countries, including all the oil producing regions. He was instrumental in extinguishing the fires set by Saddam Hussein in the Kuwaiti oil fields during the Gulf War, and was honored with a plaque from the Kingdom of Kuwait in appreciation for his efforts. His heroics were documented in a technical video called Kuwait in Flames, which took top awards at the New York Film Festival in the industrial video category and first place in the 1993 Telly Awards. Adams has previously held top-secret clearance with the CIA, consulting on the Russian oil economy and its relationship to military issues. He conducts courses and has consulted for numerous international regulatory groups, including Lloyd's of London, on issues of safety, security, and terror. In addition, he was technical advisor to Steven Seagal on the Warner Bros.® movie On Deadly Ground. Adams is the author of five books, 60 journal publications, and numerous technical research reports. He has been featured by many local, national, and international media outlets, including the BBC and Forbes Magazine. He is a black belt in martial arts and an eight-time karate world champion.

Dr. Ariel Cohen
Ariel Cohen, L.L.B., Ph.D., is a well-known Washington-based foreign, economic and security policy expert. His particular expertise lies in the areas of Russia's economic and financial policy; U.S.-Russian relations; Caspian pipeline security; ethnic conflict; and relationships between Russia and the New Independent States (NIS). He also has expertise on Turkey and Israel. Dr. Cohen has conducted policy briefings at the White House and produced numerous analyses, which were published in the leading journals and newspapers in the U.S. and around the world. He has organized and conducted conferences spanning a broad range of subjects, including international financial institutions' aid to Russia; international organized crime; proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and other topics.
Cohen is Research Fellow in Russian and Eurasian Studies at the Davis International Studies Institute at the Heritage Foundation. Cohen manages a successful policy research program on Russia, the New Independent States and Central Europe, working closely with Congressmen and Congressional staff members and cabinet-level Russian, Eurasian and Eastern and Central European decision makers.
Dr. Cohen was a Senior Consultant in charge of Legal Reform projects at the International Development practice at Burson-Marsteller, a leading international public information firm. He has consulted for the U.S. Agency for International Development, The World Bank, the United States Government, the U.S. Senate, and Radio Liberty-Radio Free Europe. He lectured at the Central Intelligence Agency and appeared in CIA/Department of State-sponsored conferences. He also advised multinational corporations and law firms in energy, retail, aerospace, and financial sectors in the former Soviet Union and Easter and Central Europe.
Dr. Cohen frequently testifies before committees of the U.S. Congress, including House Foreign Relations, House Armed Services, House Judiciary Committees and the Helsinki Commission. He regularly appears on CNN, NBC, BBC-TV and other major radio and TV networks. In addition to his work at Heritage, Dr. Cohen serves as a weekly commentator for Voice of America and United Press International, and writes as a guest columnist for The Washington Post, the Washington Times, The Wall Street Journal, the Journal of Commerce, Harvard International Review and other journals and magazines in the U.S. and abroad. He is a member of Editorial Board of Central Asia and the Caucasus (Stockholm). Dr. Cohen has served as an adjunct faculty member at Georgetown University and in a number of West Coast universities, including Loyola Marymount in Los Angeles. His book, Russian Imperialism: Development and Crisis, was published by Praeger Publishers/Greenwood in hard cover (1996) and paperback (1998).

Dr. Allan R. Hoffman
Dr. Allan R. Hoffman is on detail from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), to serve as senior adviser to Winrock International's Clean Energy Group. Dr. Hoffman came to Washington, D.C., in 1974 as a Congressional Fellow of the American Physical Society and served in several roles, including staff scientist for the U.S. Senate Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation; director, Advanced Energy Systems Policy Division, U.S. Department of Energy; assistant director for Industrial Programs, Energy Productivity Center, Mellon Institute; consultant and senior analyst, Office of Technology Assessment, U.S. Congress; executive director of the Committee on Science, Engineering, and Public Policy, NAS/NRC; and executive director of the National Research Council's Office of Government and External Affairs. In 1990, he returned to DOE where he has served as associate and acting deputy assistant secretary for Utility Technologies in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy. He also served as U.S. representative to and vice chairman of the International Energy Agency's Working Party on Renewable Energy and as U.S. representative to the World Bank's Energy and Environment Steering Committee. Dr. Hoffman holds a Ph.D. in physics from Brown University. He also is a fellow of the American Physical Society and the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

David Sweet
David Sweet is executive director of the World Alliance on Distributed Energy (WADE). He started in the natural gas industry at the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission as a technical analyst on various unique pipeline construction and service proposals, including proposals for LNG facilities and service, and as an expert witness on financial and rate issues concerning natural gas and oil pipelines.
After earning his M.B.A. and law degrees at night, he moved into private legal practice where he represented a diverse clientele on energy matters before federal regulatory agencies and courts. David then joined the Independent Petroleum Association of America as vice president where he directed natural gas, electricity and legal policy efforts and served as legal counsel to the Natural Gas Council.
David later became executive director of the International LNG Alliance. In this capacity he served as the sole U.S. representative to the International Gas Union on LNG, as president of the Natural Gas Roundtable, as co-Chair of the LNG Subcommittee of the Alliance for Energy & Economic Growth and member of the Natural Gas Steering Committee, as a member of the North American Energy Standards Board, as a vice chairman of the ABA Section of Public Utility, Communications and Transportation Law and its gas committee, as member of the World Energy Council Committee on Cleaner Fossil Fuel Systems, and as Education Chairman for GasWeek.
David received his law degree with honors from George Washington University, an M.B.A. from the University of Maryland, and a B.S. degree magna cum laude also from the University of Maryland.

In Memoriam

Milton Copulos (1948-2008)
For more than three decades, Milton R. Copulos was a prominent figure in national political circles. He served as a Cabinet-level advisor in the Bush and Reagan Administrations, working closely with the Secretaries of Defense, Energy, Interior and Commerce, as well as the Director of Central Intelligence. While working for the Executive Office of the President in the White House, he authored a number of important studies including the National Critical Minerals Report and Advanced Materials Program Plan, and the DOE's assessment of the Soviet natural resource base, as well as a number of classified documents. He was an advisor on energy to the Secretary of Defense for the Defense Industrial Base Initiative and the principal consultant to the Department of Defense on the Defense Environment Initiative.
Copulos is considered one of the nation's leading energy economists and an expert in the field of military logistics as they apply to energy use. DOD has used his studies in the area of energy alternatives as training materials for military officers responsible for matters related to energy and transportation. His study of the comparative economic costs of alternative fuels is considered the most comprehensive examination of these factors to date, and his book "America's Achilles Heel, the Hidden Cost of Imported Oil" has become a staple among energy researchers. Copulos was a member of the National Petroleum Council, the nation's highest advisory body on matters related to oil and natural gas for twelve years; serving on its finance committee for eight.
As a prominent expert on natural resources, national defense and international politics, Copulos is frequently called upon to lecture at prominent academic institutions around the nation. He has been a visiting lecturer at MIT and the Maryland University's Graduate School of Nuclear Engineering.
Copulos published more than 900 articles, books and monographs. His writing has appeared in such prominent national news media as The Washington Post, The Los Angeles Times and The Chicago Tribune. He is also a frequent contributor to periodicals such as Insight Magazine, VFW Magazine and Regulation Magazine. His book "Energy Perspectives" was a Washington Post nonfiction best seller, and for four years he wrote a nationally syndicated column on energy and environmental issues distributed by the Heritage Features Syndicate. He also appeared on nationally broadcast news and information programs including FOX News Network's "FOX and Friends", CNN's "Crossfire", and "War Room with Wolf Blitzer" as well as local broadcasts for major network affiliates. During the Afghanistan War he was an on-air military analyst for MSNBC.
A veteran of two tours of duty in Vietnam, Copulos was awarded the Bronze Star and Army Commendation Medals, The Vietnamese Cross of Gallantry with Palm and The Vietnamese Civic Action Honor Medal, as well as five battle stars. He is a graduate of The American University in Washington, D.C. and lives in Crofton, Maryland.


Dr. Stephen F. Paul (1953-2012)
Dr. Paul earned his Ph.D., 1981, M.Phil, 1980, and M.S., 1978, in Plasma Physics from Columbia University. Prior to that, he graduated from Cornell University with distinction with a Bachelors in Applied Physics in 1975. He is principal research physicist at Princeton University's Plasma Physics Laboratory. He created and patented the P-series fuels, a new, liquid, renewable, non-petroleum gasoline formulation which was approved by the Department of Energy. He was in the process converting an unused sludge plant in Trenton, NJ to process organic waste for fuel before he died..


Dr. Ruth Davis (1928-2012)
Dr. Ruth Davis was President and CEO of The Pymatuning Group, Inc. which specializes in industrial modernization strategies and technology development. Dr. Davis was Chairman of the Aerospace Corporation. She served on the Boards of Air Products & Chemicals Inc. BTG, Inc.; Consolidated Edison Company of New York; Ceridian Corporation; Giddings & Lewis, Inc.; the Institute for Defense Analysis, Premark International, Inc., The Principal Financial Group, Inc., Sprint Corporation, SSDS Inc., Tupperware, Inc., USO World Board of Governors, and Varian Associates. She has also served on the Board of Regents of the National Library of Medicine from 1989-1992 and as Chairman of that Board from 1991-1992.
Dr. Davis was Assistant Secretary of Energy for Resources Applications and Deputy Under Secretary of Defense for Research and Advanced Technology. Prior to 1977 she served as Director of the Institute for Computer Sciences and Technology at the National Bureau of Standards and as the first Director of the National Center for Biomedical Communications in the Department of Health, Education, and Welfare.
Along the way, Davis received many honors and awards:
Computer Science Man-of-the-Year for 1979; National Civil Service League Award; Rockefeller Public Service Award for Professional Accomplishment and Leadership; Federal Woman of the Year Award; Department of Commerce Gold Medal, National Women's Economic Alliance Director's Choice Award, Distinguished Service Medals in both the Department of Energy and the Department of Defense. Washingtonian magazine once named Dr. Davis one of the District's most powerful women in a list that included Hillary Clinton, Jeane Kirkpatrick and Elizabeth Dole.
In 1993, the University of Maryland honored Davis with the Distinguished Alumnus Award.
Dr. Davis received all her degrees summa cum laude in mathematics. She obtained Ph.D. and M.A. degrees from the University of Maryland, and her B.A. degree from American University.

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