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Prepared by the
Institute for the Analysis of Global Security

August 5, 2003
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Under the Radar

Oil, terrorism and drugs intermingle in Colombia
Seventy U.S. Special Forces soldiers are training Colombians to protect an oil pipeline.

Japan's struggle to secure future oil supply
Energy dependent Japan looks to Iran for oil, causing tension with the U.S.

Chad-Cameroon pipeline project put to test
Will the pipeline, partially financed by the World Bank, improve the lot of Chad and Cameroon or exacerbate existing corruption and strife?

Natural resource curse hits São Tomé
A tiny West African country illustrates a well known problem.

On the technology front

Fuel Cell Locomotive for Military and Commercial Railways
An international consortium is developing the world’s largest fuel cell vehicle, a 109 metric-ton, 1 MW locomotive.

Fuel cell power plant installed at NJ Sheraton
A stationary fuel cell will supply 250 kilowatts of electric power as well as heat to the Sheraton Edison Hotel, accounting for about 25 percent of the hotel's electricity and hot water.

Fuel cell scooters for Europe and China
Palcan's fuel cell powered scooter is designed to address the world's need for a low-end mass transport vehicle.

U.S. Air Force to get fuel cell bus
Fuel cell powered thirty-foot hybrid bus to be stationed at the Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii.

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Back Issues

U.S. Air Force to get fuel cell bus

The State of Hawaii’s High Technology Development Corporation (HTDC) has awarded contracts to develop new technologies for heavy-duty mobile fuel cell applications and integrate these and other technologies into a fuel cell powered thirty-foot hybrid bus to be stationed at the Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii. Contracts were awarded to Enova Systems, a California based developer and manufacturer of mobile and stationary electric, hybrid and fuel cell digital power management systems, and to Hydrogenics Corporation, a Canada based firm engaged in the commercialization of fuel cell technology and test stations for fuel cells.

The initiative is funded by the U.S. Air Force to evaluate advanced ground transportation technologies. Hydrogenics will supply a fully integrated 20 kW fuel cell power system and related peripherals. Enova will develop several new components including a Dual 8kW inverter, a 380V DC/DC converter, additional software development for Enova’s already proven, successful Hybrid Control Unit and a Mobile Fuel Cell Generator that incorporates a Hydrogenics Corporation’s 20kW Fuel Cell Power Module.

This program follows several successful advanced technology efforts between the State of Hawaii and Enova including fast charging, electric powered Hyundai SUVs, an electric 120kW thirty-foot bus (also at Hickam) and a multi-car tram system. "The Air Force is excited about deploying fuel cell technology," said Carl Perazzola, Chief, Advanced Power Technology Office, Robins Air Force Base, adding, “We are looking forward to baseline the performance of this bus and accelerate fuel cells to commercialization."