IAGS logo Energy Security
Prepared by the
Institute for the Analysis of Global Security

September 29, 2003
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Focus: Iraq

Minding Its Business
Saudi Arabia, which has demonstrated its willingness to use its vast oil reserves as a foreign policy tool, has not acted to aid U.S. efforts to rebuild Iraq.

Fencing in looters and saboteurs in Iraq
Too many people in and outside of Iraq are hoping to deny Iraq a better future through a campaign of sabotage and plunder of the country's neglected oil facilities. The problem, and possible solutions.


Prospects on Russia’s stance towards OPEC
In September Saudi Arabia’s de facto ruler Prince Abdullah made the first visit to Russia by a Saudi head of state in over seven decades. The future of Moscow’s stance towards OPEC is a critical question for the world oil market. Will Russia be willing to cooperate with OPEC and thus further strengthen the power of the cartel to set a price range for oil?

Energy security and liquefied natural gas
Demand for natural gas has increased as have the security vulnerabilities presented by liquefied natural gas terminals and tankers.

Under the Radar

Oil, terrorism and drugs intermingle in Colombia
Seventy U.S. Special Forces soldiers are training Colombians to protect an oil pipeline.

Japan's struggle to secure future oil supply
Energy dependent Japan looks to Iran for oil, causing tension with the U.S.

Chad-Cameroon pipeline project put to test
Will the pipeline, partially financed by the World Bank, improve the lot of Chad and Cameroon or exacerbate existing corruption and strife?

Natural resource curse hits São Tomé
A tiny West African country illustrates a well known problem.

On the technology front

Smart Fuel Cells for RVs
SFC Smart Fuel Cell AG is selling a fuel cell system for use in recreational vehicles (RVs) that weighs less than 5% the weight of a leadacid battery of similar capacity.

Rentech announces progress on Australian coal-to-diesel project
The Latrobe Valley in eastern Victoria, Australia is the leading choice for what could be the first "clean" production of gas and sulfur-free diesel and naphtha in Australia from the processing of coal.

GTI reports significant results from direct methanol fuel cell membrane
A new membrane developed by the Gas Technology Institute for proton exchange membrane fuel cells has substantially improved direct methanol fuel cell system performance.

San Francisco and Honda to partner on fuel cell car program
American Honda announced last week that it will supply two Honda FCX hydrogen powered fuel cell vehicles, the world's first commercially certified fuel cell car, to the City of San Francisco.

Fuel Cell Locomotive for Military and Commercial Railways
An international consortium is developing the world’s largest fuel cell vehicle, a 109 metric-ton, 1 MW locomotive.

Fuel cell power plant installed at NJ Sheraton
A stationary fuel cell will supply 250 kilowatts of electric power as well as heat to the Sheraton Edison Hotel, accounting for about 25 percent of the hotel's electricity and hot water.

Fuel cell scooters for Europe and China
Palcan's fuel cell powered scooter is designed to address the world's need for a low-end mass transport vehicle.

U.S. Air Force to get fuel cell bus
Fuel cell powered thirty-foot hybrid bus to be stationed at the Hickam Air Force Base in Hawaii.

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Back Issues

San Francisco and Honda to partner on fuel cell car program

American Honda announced last week that it will supply two Honda FCX hydrogen powered fuel cell vehicles, the world's first commercially certified fuel cell car, to the City of San Francisco.

The City of San Francisco will add two Honda FCX fuel cell cars to its fleet of alternative fuel and advanced technology vehicles. The City also intends to create hydrogen refueling infrastructure to support regular daily operation of the vehicles by city employees.

"This is a very exciting day for the city of San Francisco as it takes a leadership role by putting hydrogen-powered fuel cell vehicles into practical, everyday use," said Mayor Brown. "San Francisco's commitment to becoming a hydrogen city is being realized today with the addition of Honda fuel cell vehicles to the city fleet."

The hydrogen-powered Honda FCX is the only fuel cell vehicle to earn full certification by both the California Air Resources Board (CARB) and the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) for everyday commercial use. The FCX is also distinguished by being the first fuel cell vehicle to earn a place in the EPA fuel economy ratings (51city/48highway).

The FCX uses fuel cell technology to convert hydrogen into electricity with water and heat as the only byproducts. The vehicle is driven by an electric motor with power assist provided by a Honda-developed ultra-capacitor.

As part of its efforts to bring fuel cell technology to the market, Honda plans to place about 30 fuel cell cars in the U.S. and Japan over the next three years. Honda undertook fuel cell research in 1989 and has been road testing vehicles in the United States since 2000. Honda has also been a member of the California Fuel Cell Partnership (CAFCP) based in Sacramento, CA, since 1999.