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Prepared by the
Institute for the Analysis of Global Security

August 13, 2004
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Energy Security Current Issue

What the 9/11 Commission missed
One of the main conclusions of the 9/11 Commission is that in order for the U.S. to prevail in the war on terror it must develop a multidisciplinary, comprehensive, and balanced strategy, which integrates diplomacy, intelligence, covert action, law-enforcement, economic policy, foreign aid, homeland defense, and military strength. IAGS' Gal Luft argues that a key component is missing.

The Connection: Water and Energy Security
Allan Hoffman, former associate and acting deputy assistant secretary for Utility Technologies in the Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy of the DOE and IAGS Advisor, explains why water and energy security are inextricably linked.


Saudi Arabia in Crisis
IAGS' Anne Korin presented a strategy for reducing U.S. dependence on Saudi oil as part of a conference hosted by the Hudson Institute on July 9, 2004. Watch the event (Anne's presentation starts at 02:38:35.)

Energy Security in East Asia
The outlook for energy security in the Asia-Pacific looks particularly troubling, with rising levels of oil consumption and an even stronger rise in demand. IAGS Research Associate Richard Giragosian analyzes the energy security risks faced by the region and the agreements and strategies adopted by Japan, South Korea, Thailand, and the Philippines in response.

On the technology front How utilities can save America from its oil addiction
Utility companies which have traditionally viewed themselves as providers of "power" for lighting homes or powering computers, can now break the dominance of Big Oil in the transportation energy sector and introduce much needed competition in the transportation fuel market.

Comparing Hydrogen and Electricity for Transmission, Storage and Transportation

Study: Coal based methanol is cheapest fuel for fuel cells
A recently completed study by University of Florida researchers for the Georgetown University fuel cell program assessed the the future overall costs of various fuel options for fuel cell vehicles. The primary fuel options analyzed by the study were hydrogen from natural gas, hydrogen from coal, and methanol from coal. The study concluded that methanol from coal was the cheapest option, by a factor of almost 50%.

Major improvement in fuel economy and range of Honda's fuel cell vehicles
The 2005 model Honda fuel cell vehicle achieves a nearly 20 percent improvement in its EPA fuel economy rating and a 33 percent gain in peak power (107 hp vs. 80 hp) compared to the 2004 model, and feature a number of important technological achievements on the road to commercialization of fuel cell vehicles.

Biodiesel fueled ships to cruise in Canada
A Canadian project will test the use of pure biodiesel (B100) as a fuel supply on a fleet of 12 boats of various types and sizes, 11 boats on pure biodiesel (B100) and one on a 5-percent blend (B5).

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Back Issues

Biodiesel fueled ships to cruise in Canada

Partners in Canada's BioMer project have announced a $563,000 project to demonstrate that biodiesel is a viable alternative fuel for cruise ships.

The project will test the use of pure biodiesel (B100) as a fuel supply on a fleet of 12 boats of various types and sizes of cruisers operating in two very tourist-intensive areas: the Old Port of Montréal and the Lachine Canal National Historic Site. In addition to measuring emissions, the BioMer project will highlight the impact of biodiesel (a fuel made from vegetable oil, recycled cooking oil or animal fats) on marine engine performance and river ecology. Two of the project's key initiators are the Sine Nomine Group and Maritime Innovation's Technology Transfer Centre.

The Government of Canada will allocate a total of $323,000 to the project through a partnership that includes Canada Economic Development for Quebec Regions, Environment Canada and Natural Resources Canada. Rothsay, a subsidiary of Maple Leaf Foods located in Ville Sainte-Catherine that specializes in the recycling of agro-industry wastes, will produce the pure biodiesel and supply the fuel during the project.

At the provincial level, both the Quebec Environment and Transport departments have supported the BioMer project with a total of $25,000. Quebec Environment Minister Thomas J. Mulcair said, "since biodiesel has the advantage of turning agro-industry waste into an asset, it is promising both from an environmental and economic standpoint."

During the demonstration project, 254,000 litres of biodiesel will be required to fuel the BioMer fleet: 11 boats on pure biodiesel (B100) and one on a 5-percent blend (B5). This will cut carbon dioxide emissions by 593 tonnes over the duration of the project, equivalent to the quantity produced by 119 vehicles driven 12,500 miles each for one year. Cruisers began using the fuel on June 23, 2004, and will stop in October 2004.

Also see:
Volkswagen AG and Archer Daniels Midland Announce Biodiesel Research Agreement